The fifth Far Eastern Conference on Antibacterial Therapy opened Thursday in this Russian city, with more than 300 specialists from Belarus, Britain, China, Russia, Italy, and Sweden participating.
The antimicrobial treatment of infections made a giant leap forward in the 20th century and has become one of the most effective therapeutic strategies, said Ekaterina Eliseeva, the alternate director of the public health care department in Russia's far eastern Primorsky Krai region.
However, Eliseeva said, the unreasonable use of antibacterial medications in this antibiotics era has also formed and spread the drug resistance.
"It is a disaster that the antibiotics are available for our general public to buy without prescriptions. Another big problem is that the national borders do not exist for the drug-resistant pathogenic microbes," Prof. Roman Kozlov, director of the Institute of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy of Smolensk State Medical Academy, told Xinhua.
"That is why the experts from different nations are here today. ... The conference specifically aims at establishing international cooperation in restraining the drug resistance," Kozlov added.
The two-day conference, organized by the territorial administration of Primorsky Krai and Vladivostok's Pacific State Medical University, will feature more than 20 reports from international experts covering the topics of the outlook for new vaccines development, the usage of antibiotics in critical care procedures, the issues of drug resistance and other issues.