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Breached barriers causes more toxic leaks at Fukushima as IAEA suggests continuous water monitoring

http://english.hebei.com.cn  2013-10-22 09:03

  The operator of the stricken Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant said Monday that radioactive material may have flowed into the Pacific Ocean after barriers around contaminated water storage tanks overflowed following a heavy downpour.

  According to Tokyo Electric Power Co. (TEPCO), radioactive strontium-90 measured at as many as 70 times the regulatory limit of 10 becquerels per liter, flowed from 11 barriers set up to contain potential toxic water leaks from six storage tanks at the facility in Japan's northeast.

  The embattled utility said the barriers, with a height of just 30 cm, were ineffective when it came to preventing rainwater from breaching the barriers and likely mixed with groundwater and possibly flowed into the adjacent Pacific Ocean.

  TEPCO added that the pumps used to drain water accumulated inside the barriers were also ineffective against the downpour Sunday.

  The latest mishap at Fukushima comes one day after the utility said radiation levels had spiked well above the regulatory limit at numerous sites following Typhoon Wipha lashing Japan's eastern seaboard last Wednesday.

  The nuclear complex has been plagued with problems since an earthquake-triggered tsunami knocked out the plant's key cooling systems in March 2011, leading to meltdown and hydrogen explosions in the worst nuclear disaster since Chernobyl in 1986.On Thursday morning a TEPCO worker found radioactive water spewing from the top of one of its storage tanks situated on an embankment located close to the heavily-damaged No. 1 and 2 reactors.

  The overflowing water, which has been contained within barriers around the faulty tank facing the ocean, was caused when a generator used to pump water from the tank to a storage facility inside the reactor building stopped due to power failure, the utility claimed.

  Japan's Nuclear Regulation Authority has instructed TEPCO not to discharge the rapidly accumulating radioactive water into the sea until readings are below 15 becquerels per liter for cesium- 134, less than 25 becquerels per liter for cesium-137, and under 10 becquerels per liter for strontium-90, an NRA spokesperson said Monday.

  But while Japan braces for super-typhoon Francisco possibly lashing the east coast again towards the end of the week, experts from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) concluded a one week-mission Monday to advise Japan on how best to deal with toxic water storage, decontamination procedures and reconstruction processes at the tsunami-ravaged facility.

  The 13-member delegation's chief, Juan Carlos Lentijo, who is also director of the IAEA's Division of Nuclear Fuel Cycle and Waste Technology, told a news conference Monday afternoon that Japan had made good progress with its decontamination and reconstruction strategies.

  The IAEA mission, meanwhile, suggested in a preliminary report that Japan should continue to monitor freshwater and marine environment near the crippled Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant.

  The report suggested the monitoring data be interpreted within the context of processes known to affect the concentration of radiocaesium in water, sediment and biota.

  The Japanese government should communicate with the public that reducing annual individual radiation exposure to 1 millsievert in contaminated areas is a "long-term goal," said the report.

  The Japanese government said it will seek to reduce radioactive level in the contaminated areas after the March 11 tsunami- triggered nuclear crisis in the Fukushima prefecture to 1 millisievert or below as a long-term goal.

  However, some people are concerned about returning to areas that have not achieved the long-term goal, according to Japan's environment ministry.

  "A step-by-step approach should be taken toward achieving this long-term goal," said the report.

Keywords:IAEA,water monitoring

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